Philosopher Jose Pablo Feinmann reminds us that weak democracies generate strong dictatorships. An example is the Weimar Republic in Germany and the rise to power of Nazi regime through electoral means. He states that the sinister characters, the lunatics, the violent reappear in a vulnerable social context produced by the combination of the pandemic and neoliberalism. They are everywhere, he says, in Germany, Spain, Italy, United States and many more countries in almost all latitudes. By inoculating hatred and fear, they seek the electoral path to prohibit elections afterwards.
How democracies can be strengthened when majority has been captured and formatted by powerful minorities?
Unlike with dictatorships, in democracies a diversity of approaches, values, and interests prevail. It is a diversity in multiple dimensions that does not threaten but rather enrich the search for other courses, other ways of functioning, other helmspersons. No more, what is imposed by dominators. The challenge is to make different contributions converge and align constructively, clarify to understand what happens, and organize to advance with solid social coalitions. Union of the different that does not leave out diversity; but rather includes and channels it. If, on the contrary, subaltern interests prevailed, if priorities and proposed avenues were not understood, if helmspersons would have entrenched in norms and institutions created to secure their predominance, if divisionism persisted—many induced by dominators—convergence of medium and popular sectors would weaken.
Today humanity needs strong democracies with a diverse interior to block the way to the sinister. Without a unique recipe book, neither new fundamentalisms, as there will be many ways of achieving it according to the singularities of each moment and situation. Here is where we place ourselves.