It is possible to solve poverty; there are resources and talent to do so. A popular mandate is needed to demand it electorally as well as political determination to achieve it. The ways of achieving it vary according to circumstances of each situation and territory (we offer one among many other examples). It is outrageous to claim that there are not enough resources when for certain purposes they abound and for this ethical, social, and economic priority, they are scarce. We need to unveil drainages and concealed biases that explain this villainy.
Eliminating poverty is far from being a fantasy as dominators pretend us to believe. Poverty is not a natural phenomenon impossible to control but rather the result of a course and a way of functioning that powerful sectors have imposed. Solving poverty demands articulating a popular mandate expressed electorally with a firm determination of the elected government to fulfill it without hesitation and with all the required ability.
First, let us see ways of solving poverty and, then, of securing funding for that.
Dismantling what generates poverty
Poverty is the result of a diversity of factors in a context of concentration of wealth and decisional power. Minority groups appropriate surpluses that the entire society generates leaving growing majorities exposed to the elements. Those who are in situations of poverty and indigence are the mostly punished, they do not access dignified jobs and incomes, and they live or survive with all sorts of shortages. If they were adequately assisted, far from being a burden for society, they would become one of the backbones of a better country.
Solving poverty is part of dismantling the concentrating process of wealth and decisions. That is, a problem that derives from a systemic dynamic is not solved through special programs that are unrelated with also systemic solutions. In a country project that cares for all and protects the environment, poverty and indigence can be solved with massive decentralized actions. Demonstrative projects are not enough, no matter whether their results and lessons might enrich public policies. It is about eradicating poverty situations categorically and with the scope that such challenge demands. The objective is not long term but rather 5 years, solving each year no less than 20% of the poverty universe.
The systemic approach of dismantling concentrating mechanisms and liberating captured democracies was analyzed in previous articles. In these lines, we will focus on complementary actions specifically oriented towards impoverished segments of our societies. Indeed, there is not just one intervention modality and what is worth is the diversity of approaches and measures. We collaborate by analyzing some, among many, significant aspects:
- Generating work and income: If it were about productively mobilizing the entire population in poverty situation, it would be necessary to establish a massive program national in scope. This option demands offering some common strategic guidelines and facilitating the adoption of diverse assistance modalities according to the territory. We propose a joint management of the State (national, provincial and/or municipal) and social organizations of the popular economy. We present the combination of various intervention fronts: establishing associative venture developers that include sectors in poverty situation, creating specialized trusts to invest in those ventures and securing the participation of solidary bank to finance working capital.
- Facilitating the access to dignified housing through massive housing projects and plots of land with utilities in urbanized spaces with provision of drinking water, electricity and gas installations, commercial spaces and for small industries, among others. This can be addressed both for intermediate cities and semirural villages as well as for large metropolitan areas, mobilizing urban planners, architects, engineers, social workers from different universities with the premise not to impose stereotyped solutions but rather tailored to the needs and aspirations of specific communities.
- Providing free health and education of excellence for all medium-low and popular sectors in poverty situations: an strategic space focused not only on important restorative measures but also on the critical preventive area with multiple measures such as environmental sanitation, health centers, healthy school nutrition, nursery schools, assistance for students that fell behind, neighborly and school recreation.
Unveiling the absence of resources
A trickery employed by dominators is that there are no resources to tackle truly massive programs as the ones proposed above. They fail to clarify that there are no resources if surpluses that society produces are appropriated by greedy minorities, who also just partially declare them to the tax authorities and thus flight them outside the country to tax havens.
The population has no idea of the magnitude of such drainage and its consequences. It is not about several cents but rather about billions of dollars every year. More than a simple robbery, it is an outrageous piracy; large part of the wealth an entire country generates is evaded. It is a crime with very serious impacts: for starters, it underfinances the State in its responsibility for providing the basic social and productive infrastructure needed for the country’s functioning; moreover, it sterilizes investment capacity in the real economy with genuine funding. Therefore, a few accumulate rampantly at the expense of suffered majorities. It is an antinational villainy, appropriating of what does not belong, ignoring tax responsibility, and then flight away those ill-gotten capitals outside the own country that generated them.
As if such greed were not enough, when these minorities face crises, instead of reducing inequalities they impose salvages for their corporations. Here, resources that before “did not exist” do appear to cover the dire social, economic, and environmental handling of what is public imposed by dominators. When in addition a sanitary pandemic appears as the coronavirus one, large enterprises and corporations claim priority assistance from the State as if the pandemic did not harm all and even more vulnerable populations. Why do we save the powerful so that they continue accumulating and we do not prioritize those who suffer from hunger and “do not make ends meet”? Painful but true, the powerful impose decisions, the rest suffer them.
Thus, a country project that cares for all and protects the environment demands addressing several action fronts, avoiding the oligopolistic appropriation, eliminating tax evasion and elusion, dismantling mechanisms for capital flight, orienting good part of credit towards financing small enterprises and associative ventures of the popular economy. Furthermore, establishing a progressive tax structure (those who have the most should pay more instead of overburdening the popular consumption and meager profits of medium-low sectors with high taxes), reorienting public spending towards cancelling social debt and fund strategic projects for national development (no more free public works for affluent sectors that can pay contributions to improvements). Finally, yet importantly, subsidizing those who need the most instead of large enterprises to sustain their high profits rates. With these and other measures, necessary resources to solve poverty and indigence “will appear.”
All these efforts can be achieved without negatively affecting fiscal accounts, that is, without generating the already so denounced fiscal deficit. It is worth managing well public funds but reminding the merchants of injustice that this does not imply reducing social spending or whisking away funds for strategic projects. Rather, it is solved by collecting the taxes that are evaded, eluded, and flight abroad. It is a feasible solution which respects the needs and interests of peoples.
We need to unmask what dominators conceal. If they did not conceal their interests and privileges, it would be much harder for them to subdue popular will. They very well know that, that is why they seize the control of the media, think tanks, and even some educational programs to manipulate public opinion by colonizing minds and formatting subjectivities up to the point of turning victims into their own victimizers.
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