It is a decisive factor to exercise decisional sovereignty. What conditions sovereignty and why we should exercise it?
Decisional sovereignty means exercising the ability a country has to decide what better serves general wellbeing and protection of the environment, without ignoring the restrictions and potentialities of the national and global context. If we ignored the context, we could fall into a risky voluntarism and, if we believed that what overwhelms us could not be overcome, we would be trapped by a demobilizing fatalism. Each society has to appreciate available margins to exercise decisional sovereignty, evaluating on the road the capacity to expand the field of what is possible.
What conditions the exercise of decisional sovereignty? The correlation of social forces that govern a country, the type of support it can count on, and how central countries and international corporations play. Some social and political coalitions make decisional sovereignty an essential issue taking advantage of the level of freedom they have. Other coalitions subordinate their decisions almost naturally to the dictates of central countries or international corporations. They act as local accomplices facilitating the domination in exchange for making profit at the expense of the country. These situations of domination with complicities sustain the economic concentration process that prevails in the world. If we wanted to change such course and transform the way of functioning that supports it, it would be necessary to dismantle one by one the political coalitions that favor concentration and compromise the environment.
To keep things under control, concentrated power tries to anticipate and crush any eventual resistance of those affected, large population majorities. One way or the other, it combines open repression to all who defy them with a methodical colonization of minds so that the victims turn in favor of their victimizers. Comprehension of what happens is blinded; they impose perspectives and agendas presented as the only possible ones. That is something that has been occurring since the beginning of humanity, only that now the instruments capable of repressing and formatting subjectivities are much more powerful. In other articles, we have added our perspective to various other authors that have analyzed the mechanisms and engines that reproduce the concentration process and how wills have been subdued through the colonization of minds.
Such analysis shows that the concentrated power imposes a framework of institutions, norms, and regulations that are not neutral; they favor their permanent reproduction. Moreover, if the preeminence of the concentrated power is threatened, the institutional framework acts as media, judicial, and educational trenches to prevent those attempts to progress.
In that framework, how can we boost decisional sovereignty? Options are multiple and diverse; and that is a good thing because we will need to choose the best options that adapt to each country’s circumstances. However, we can find two strategic factors that emerge in almost every reality: having solid social organizations and permanently advance towards popular clarification. If there were no advances in such direction, the political support required for exercising decisional sovereignty would remain fragile.
A critical aspect is being able to align the interests of the large diversity of social groups that coexist in any society in a common project. It is clear that union makes strength; in this case, unity of popular forces preserving their inherent diversity. This is also known by dominators who make the impossible to divide the popular field and, unfortunately, they frequently succeed. They use insidious mechanisms to promote divisionism, false antagonism, hate, suspicion, jealousy, and envy among popular sectors. They can combine diverse instruments according to changing circumstances, among others, hegemonic media that manipulate public opinion, think tanks that provide ideological coverage, prosecutors than only investigate opposition leaders, judges that bias their sentences, segments of the educational system that exalt the prevailing order without training in building future.
Decisional sovereignty, what for?
It is clear that it is not necessary to exercise decisional sovereignty to be subjected to the powerful, both from outside and inside, that impose their perspective on what should be done. It is enough to accompany subserviently their determinations. The decisional challenge is something quite different: choosing strategies, policies, and measures that respond to social interests and needs and zealously care for the environment. To face powerful minorities, the State must act as great organizer of how the nation functions, a State lead by political forces that represent the entire population, mediating between multiple interests and leveling the general wellbeing. This necessarily implies dismantling privileges of a select few and extending the same rights and obligations to all. Thus, the importance of politics and social coalitions that shape government; they are coxes of the collective destiny.
It is useless to carry on with the concentrating process. To set new courses and ways of functioning there is no neutrality and no space for simply “let it run” because that would mean letting the powerful do what they have always done: reproduce their own benefits. On the contrary, we need to apply policies and mechanisms to distribute fairly the results of the efforts of the entire society. Today, such distribution is unfair, and increasingly expands inequality, one of the main factors that fragmented societies, make selfishness and greed prevail over solidarity and caring for the other and the planet.
It is not about deifying unreachable stabilities as the own social existence, with its economic, political, cultural, environmental, security dimensions, develops within a changing dynamic that oscillates between diverse degrees of instability. However, a possible and desirable yearning is reducing the magnitude of instability flows to establish virtuous trajectories aligning wills towards the construction and permanent renovation of fair and sustainable forms of functioning.
Important challenges need to be confronted; such as having independent international relations, transforming productive matrix structured under the drive of individual’s instead of country’s interest, avoiding recurrent bottlenecks of the external sector, OVERCOMING concentrating value chains, ways of functioning , and when knowledge-based development prevails, giving a strong support to local scientific and technological development. In addition, make the regressive tax systems that prevail in our countries transform into progressive; making health universal; an education that promotes creativity, respect for the other, and caring for the planet; a fair Justice; democratize information and diversity of interpretations of what happens. As well as having an extended and expanded cultural development; citizen security that knows how to prevent violence and, if it happens, is resolved without escalating to major violence; prosecuting not only petty scoundrels but also, and especially, large white-collar corrupt people that extract fortunes out of the country and flight them to criminal fiscal havens. In truth, all acting fields need to be periodically revised to solve inequalities, expand rights, and enhance effectiveness of the administration.
Exercising decisional sovereignty has nothing to do with sterilizing individual initiative, creative diversity, and organizational freedom. It should be exercised to establish rules of functioning that allow all actors (and not just privileged minorities) to fulfill themselves completely. Decisional sovereignty that present times demand is one orientated towards democratizing freedoms, rights, and obligations. A sovereignty that declares fragmented societies inadmissible, those where privileged minorities with fatuous living styles coexist with middle sectors that permanently oscillate between good and bad times, and those who live hopelessly cornered up in poverty and indigence.
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