In this issue of Opinion Sur we address two closely related topics: contemporary migratory flows and the reconstruction of devastated countries. Migratory flows have strongly contributed to humanity’s development and, nevertheless, there has always been xenophobia. This is intensified in times of crises such as the present where migrants appear as scapegoats of the disasters produced by the unbridled concentration of wealth and the consequent decisional power. Xenophobic sectors do not understand that they, as much as the migrants, are the victims of the same process that generates tremendous social inequalities within all societies and drastically impoverishes the countries that are today expelling population. Migrants abandon their countries in search for protection against poverty and insecurity, as had happened since the dawn of humanity.
In the Geopolitics Section, we analyze the case of migration from Central America to the United States, stating that only Costa Rica does not contribute to that flow of people; the rest of the countries, stricken by United States intervention face many more obstacles to stabilize economically and institutionally. The article says that by aggressively closing their frontiers to immigration, United States will be denying its own foundational principles.
In the Development Section, we cover the other side of the situation: how to reconstruct countries that have been devastated by colonialism and neoliberalism. We emphasize the necessary economic, social, and political transformations to establish new sustainable and inclusive courses of development. With that, we would be recovering decisional sovereignty, general wellbeing, and environmental care, increasing at the same time the country’s capacity to level the demographic situation (migrants will enter and leave).
In the Transformations Section we talk about another critical aspect of humanity’s development and environment’s protection: groups of policies that might help in reducing ecological deficits.
We trust this edition will be interesting and useful for our readers.