Development

Enthroned corruption (every type of corruption)

Corruption has developed in almost every dimension of the economic, social, political, media, judicial and event religious functioning. It has become a systemic phenomenon and, as such, it needs to be addressed and its consequences solved. Particular actions on specific facts are not capable of holding the expansion and reproduction of corruption. Even more, voluntary or involuntarily, partial answers can help deviate the attention away from main fields of corruption, such as the corruption made by certain large economic groups, the corruption related to organized crime, and the corruption linked with the management of public resources.

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Transforming value chains: competitiveness, inclusion, environmental protection

Some people claim that value chains are the way they are because there are no other ways of structuring and functioning. This does not correspond to reality as value chains emerge from a number of factors that change with time and evolve according to the relationships that are established among the diverse involved actors. As it is often the case, the best positioned actors impose their interests to the rest expressed in the way the chain they lead is structured and functions. That there are no better options is a falsehood installed to discourage transforming attempts.

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Do not run after concentrated savings; de-concentrate them and enhance its allocation

A critical factor to boost economic development is the magnitude of national savings and its allocation. When those savings flight out of the country or turn to financial speculation, their capacity to propel national production gets sterilized. In addition, if the savings that remain in the country concentrate in financing powerful actors while deferring the rest, the result is a burdensome underutilization of the national productive potential. Solving this situation requires adjusting the approach strategy: it does not help to run behind concentrated savings but instead de-concentrate them, retain them within the country, and enhance its allocation.

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