Revista Mensual y Gratuita
Nº117, mayo 2013
Loving kindness is strengthened by understanding how the processes that generate and reproduce circumstances of deprivation are born and developed. This way, loving kindness would present itself in two equally valuable dimensions; one of care and direct attention to the ones in need and another of working to remove the causes that generate the situation they are in. Intertwined, loving kindness and understanding can generate a tremendous transformational synergy.
Beyond believing or not believing there is an international conspiracy to sustain, reproduce and expand the process of wealth concentration that prevails in almost every economy of the world, what is undeniable is that the crisis facilitates concentration become accelerated. This is, either by design or due to the severe logic of the unleashed process, those who have the largest privileges such as economic and media power take advantage of the crisis to strengthen their positions in relation to the other social actors, the immense majority of the world‘s population.
Investment promotion is a field open to very diverse approaches and purposes. As in almost any other area of economic policy, some interests seek to make us believe that there is a single purpose when promoting ‘the’ investment (as if there were not differences between very dissimilar purposes) and a single way of doing so, basically generating conditions for appropriate returns and minimizing regulations in order to ‘release’ investment forces. This is not true; and it is not at the two levels stated: the one of the purposes and the one of ways of intervention.
The world is burning but not only because of the great global crisis that is hitting wealthy countries and threatens to spread to the rest of the planet, but also because of other crises that arose from the same causal matrix, although longer- standing. Those crisis are associated to rampant inequality; to the painful lagging behind of communities deprived of their own voices, healthcare, food, shelter, safety; to the existence of hundreds of millions of victims of injustice, greed, and fundamentalism; to the grievance inflicted on their own privacy and significance.
Over the past decades China has grown at very high rates enabling hundreds of millions of its inhabitants to exit poverty and integrate into national development. At the same time, a process of social differentiation and inequality -unprecedented in its history- took place. Today China faces the challenge of defining how the ongoing process will continue: what the desired systemic course is and what kind of country, of society, of economy it seeks to build.
China’s accelerated growth of the past decades occurred in a context of enormous rural-urban migrations and of an unprecedented strong process of social differentiation. The Government seeks to correct this bias through the implementation of a series of measures, including promoting the establishment of social enterprises, which will allow a less-concentrated productive effort and, consequently, achieve a better distribution of the national income. This article proposes a way, among many others, of conceiving, structuring and managing social enterprises in China.
Redistributing incomes produced in a concentrated way as well as de-concentrating wealth generation facilitating capital formation in popular sectors constitute two complementary strategies in order to deepen social inclusion.
To the social, environmental and political impacts of economic concentration one should add the systemic instability it generates, the hegemony financial capital brings into play and the expansion of several aggravated criminal systems (organized crime, human, weaponry and drug trafficking) supported by some banks and tax havens.
Facing situations of extended poverty and destitution, Southern Hemisphere countries are right to confront it at first instance as a situation of social emergency. It is in order then to deepen social inclusion policies and actions in such a way that the population acquires the capacity to maintain a good living by itself: that implies accessing an education of excellence (educational inclusion) and personal assets and incomes that ensure a good family living (productive inclusion).
Since the outbreak of the crisis, false choices have been imposed on us. First, we were led to believe that we must bail out large, troubled financial institutions using public resources or let the world collapse, such as happened in 1930. Then, when the crisis spread throughout Europe, the decision was to deal with fiscal deficits and sovereign over-indebtedness by imposing brutal adjustments that affected large majorities; otherwise, the collapse would sweep the European Union and the euro.
Opinion Sur Collection
Introducing three new additions to our collection
Getting out of the Crisis towards a sustainable development
STORM: The ways of the crisis and the ways out of it
International Crisis: Adjusting the Course and Improving the Systemic Functioning